Wisdom teeth often known as third molars are the last teeth to erupt. One usually gets them in late teens or early twenties. However, even instances of eruption in late adulthood are common. If they erupt smoothly and without any interruption, then they can be proved as an asset. But the problem with third molars is that in case they do not erupt properly or are misaligned, they would need to be extracted. If they are poorly aligned, then they can damage the adjacent teeth.
It is also possible that wisdom tooth is impacted. This means that the wisdom teeth remain intact in the soft tissue and partially break or erupt through gums. If they remain partially open, then the chances of bacteria entering the tooth are high which may cause infection & lead to the swelling in the jaw, pain and general illness. Because of the misaligned positioning of the jaw, it will become difficult to brush or floss making the tooth prone to decay and gum disease.
There is 4 set of wisdom teeth two on each upper and lower jaw. Nowadays majorly due to lifestyle changes people do not get wisdom teeth. This is because the jaws do not develop completely & properly which restrain the wisdom teeth to erupt.
It is not necessary to remove wisdom teeth as long as they are not causing any problem. They would have to be extracted if they are impacted or causing crowding. If you do not remove the wisdom tooth, it will be impacted. Your mouth might not provide space for it to erupt as a result it will erupt at the wrong angle which can damage the adjacent tooth.
Your dentist may advise you to remove your third molar at an early stage, this is because as you age the bones in your mouth becomes harder which will then make it difficult to remove.
Delaying can also lead to severe surgeries and heavy bleeding or can even cause a minor loss of movement in your jaw.
Wisdom teeth may/should be removed in case of any understated problems. Your dentist will be able to help and guide you with diagnosis:
The tooth removal process depends upon the stage in which the wisdom teeth is. It is easy to extract wisdom tooth if it has fully erupted. But if the tooth is impacted then it will require an incision in the gums. Usually, the tooth is extracted in parts to minimize the amount of bone required to be extracted for tooth removal.
Post Wisdom Tooth removal
The cost of a tooth extraction depends on the position of the tooth, the degree of its impaction, the requirement of anaesthesia, the requirement of sutures etc. Always talk to your dentist about these factors that may influence the cost of the procedure.